Food, Power and National Identity 1st ed. For the average American who had not eaten in a restaurant in his or her entire life,  the fast food chains that appeared in the cities offered an alternative form of restaurant in which eating was very much a public activity. CS1 French-language sources fr CS1 Spanish-language sources es Use mdy dates from June All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Articles with unsourced statements from January Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles containing Japanese-language text.
While ground beef was used by various cultures in Europe and Central Asia, the hamburger's other vital ingredient, bread, has a different history. On November 16, , chef and entrepreneur Walter Walt Anderson opened a hamburger stand in Wichita, Kansas that used hygienic cooking methods, including grills and spatulas , and impressed his Wichita customers so much that many would become regular patrons. After various controversies in the 20th century, including a nutritional controversy in the late s, the burger is now readily identified with the United States, and a particular style of cuisine, namely fast food. Gordon, PhD, and Cassius T. Most historians believe that it was invented by a cook who placed a Hamburg steak between two slices of bread in a small town in Texas, and others credit the founder of White Castle for developing the Hamburger Sandwich.
Retrieved from https: The Food of the Western World: A wide variety of traditional European dishes are also made with minced meat, such as meatloaf ,  the Serbian pljeskavica , the Arab kofta , and meatballs.
As with the invention of the hamburger, the exact origins of the cheeseburger are unknown. An example is the frankfurter , often abbreviated as frank. Hamburg steak, once served between two loaves of bread, began to be prepared with a variety of different ingredients that were included either in the sandwich itself or as a side dish accompanying it on a plate. Many of the sailors traveling on ships between Hamburg and New York requested a similar Hamburg style sandwich at American steakhouses. In , Morgan Spurlock addressed the obsessive consumption of hamburgers by some Americans by directing and starring in the documentary film Super Size Me. In the film, he himself eats only McDonald's food for an entire month and documents how his health changes.
As private outdoor social events, often held in backyards and featuring a barbecue , became more widespread during the mids, the hamburger gained a new culinary and social relevance in the country. Reaktion Books illustrated version. Wian's creation was distinctively served by Big Boy restaurants with the bun sliced twice, the center slice—known as the club section—separating the two patties. Blair as Kewpee Hotel Hamburgs.
Nagreen said he began by selling Hamburg steaks, but these did not have much success because people wanted to freely move around the festival without the need to eat them at his stand. On the other hand, there was a growing interconnected world in which trips by car, bus, and rail became increasingly available. In an era in which a growing amount of the world's population has become either overweight or more conscious of weight and the need for a healthy diet in general, the appearance of exceptionally larger burgers popularly known as XXL hamburgers has generated considerable controversy. The customer walked away with his Hamburger Steak and seemed so content that Old Dave offered his new carryout meal as a staple menu item at the end of in Athens, Texas. They formed Burger King Corporation as a parent company to the franchises they were selling throughout the United States.
The American Restaurant Then and Now 1st ed. An example of this is Fast Food Nation: Archived from the original on June 9, Since the latter part of the 20th century, the burger has undergone several controversies regarding its nutritional values. Similarly, the English immigrant Frederick Henry Harvey was the first to use dynamic mass movement in restoring the Fred Harvey Company , which catered to the patrons of a chain of hotels located near railway stations, as well as offering catering, services, and high quality products on the trains themselves. The burger also made appearances in underground comix such as Zap Comix 2 during the late s, in which cartoonist Robert Crumb designed a character called Hamburger Hi-Jinx.
Texan journalist Frank X. As the race between the major chains grew more intense, the prices of their burgers increased, and the days when a hamburger could be bought for just a few cents were numbered. On the other hand, there was a growing interconnected world in which trips by car, bus, and rail became increasingly available.
Alberto Chicote of Madrid makes homemade hamburgers in his kitchen, using Iberian pork along with homemade ketchup and mustard. Two locations in particular organized high-profile events to celebrate years of the hamburger. The chain also popularized the drive-in restaurant format, taken and simplified by McDonald's type fast food operators. To this day, his accomplishment is celebrated annually with a Burger Fest in his honor in his hometown of Seymour. The concept of a greasy spoon was thus born with these restaurants [ citation needed ] , in which hygiene suffered in exchange for more inexpensive food.
The widespread appearance of telephones occurred at the beginning of the 20th century, along with other modern means of communication, including radio. Schuessler on November 15, in Columbus, Ohio. A Global History 1st ed. Americans contend [ citation needed ] they were the first to combine two slices of bread and a steak of ground beef into a hamburger sandwich and sell it.
At the same time the hamburger was growing in popularity around the world, it took on a variety of local features in different locations. This recipe for minced meat spread throughout the Mongol Empire until its split in the s. Despite some growth, Anderson had opened only four stands in the busiest areas of the city.
Another alleged inventor of the hamburger is the cook Fletcher Davis better known as Old Dave , who claimed to have had the idea of putting ground beef between two pieces of Texas Toast when one of his customers was in too much of a hurry to sit down for a meal. This price was high for the time, twice the price of a simple fillet of beef steak. History of the hamburger in the United States.
A local newspaper claims that Louis Lassen, a Danish immigrant who arrived in America in , sold butter and eggs as a street vendor. Reaktion Books illustrated version. This environment was particularly favorable for fostering inexpensive food, which was one reason why five-cent hamburgers were so popular. Food also had to be economically affordable for the working class in order for them to maintain their labor and industrial production. The sandwich was called the Deutsches Beefsteak, German for German beefsteak. Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World 1st ed.
Retrieved 26 September Hamburger for America and the World: After its invention during the first decade of the 20th century, the hamburger came to be marketed on a large scale, after visionaries realized that it would benefit greatly from a mass production process. The book raised popular awareness about the safety of meat processing and helped lead to the creation of the Pure Food and Drug Act , which was sponsored by the Food and Drug Administration. Jim McLamore and the Building of an Empire 1st ed. Their desires to expand their businesses and increase their profits resulted in them creating franchises around the world.
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Corlett, PhD, Bertram M. Louis World's Fair of Around this time, the city of Chicago, along with other cities on the East Coast , became a focal point for the large-scale processing of beef.
The modern hamburger was developed in the United States, but by the end of World War II, around the middle of the 20th century, it began to spread to other countries as fast food became globalized. The hamburger was very popular among Americans during the postwar period following World War I,  even in popular culture. Retrieved 23 March The McDonaldization of Society 5 5th ed. The first meat grinder was invented in the early 19th century by the German engineer Karl Drais. In addition to offering clean and safe food, White Castle offered regularity and standardization, ensuring that each patty was served in the same manner in each restaurant.