The Gäu Railway is also a significant line in the North-South freight service system. The line features twin tracks between Stuttgart and Horb and has a total of four tracks between the stations Stuttgart-Österfeld and Stuttgart-Rohr, a 3. Until construction stopped due to World War II in , the Reichsbahn was also able to complete the expansion of the line to twin tracks from Stuttgart to Tuttlingen, with the exception of a 2.
Around the turn of the century, the Royal Württemberg State Railways mostly used the steam locomotives of the class Württemberg AD for their express service, which were in turn replaced by the class Württemberg C during World War I. After the completion of the expansion, it was the Prussian P 10 which assumed the lead on these trains. The class Württemberg T 5 was used for regional service. The Mauser arms manufacturer in Oberndorf am Neckar was an important user of the line during the war, and Axis partner Italy received coal shipments from Upper Silesia using freight trains on the Gäubahn. This was accomplished until the s via the Pragtunnel, Bahnhof Stuttgart-West, and a connection loop, but has been handled since the opening of the Stuttgart S-Bahn by running freight trains via the Rankbach Railway Rankbachbahn from Kornwestheim via Leonberg to Böblingen and the Gäubahn.
Retrieved 16 March Traveling from Aldingen to Tuttlingen , the line then makes its way through the district of Tuttlingen , and its transport association Verkehrsverbund Tuttlingen TUTicket to Hattigen. This replacement did not initially result in shorter trip times. Württemberg provided the Reichsbahn with a credit line of 35 million Reichsmark , and the Reichsbahn agreed to expand the section between Stuttgart and Tuttlingen to be twin-tracked, and also to construct a single track connecting line to the station in Hattingen on the Black Forest Railway Baden.
From the city it heads in a southwesterly direction, and runs alongside the nature park Schönbuch between Böblingen und Herrenberg. The 9th of April saw what was probably the most famous passenger on this line, when the leader of the Russian Revolution , Vladimir Lenin , traveled from Zurich via Stuttgart to Petrograd in a special train. The Gäubahn Stuttgart—Tuttlingen—Immendingen was primarily of regional importance at this time. The expansions during the s and s resulted in great improvements in the service schedule on the Gäubahn.
The Gäubahn is again becoming a significant railway in terms of international freight traffic, particularly as an alternative to the heavily traveled Rhine Valley Railway , primarily as a transit route. The Gäu Railway is a main line railway, Starting in , the Deutsche Bundesbahn, and, from , the privatized Deutsche Bahn AG , attempted to shorten express trip times even further. Starting in the s, the Bundesbahn extended some of the express trains between Zurich and Stuttgart to Hamburg. The service to and from Berlin, for which the line had been expanded in the time between the wars, was not resumed by the Deutsche Bundesbahn , and the traffic corridor Berlin—Erfurt—Würzburg—Stuttgart—Zürich had lost its significance due to the separation of East Germany and West Germany. On 22 October , the new main station in Stuttgart Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof was officially opened.
Between Eutingen and the industrial station at Neckarhausen, the route traverses the district of Freudenstadt , and its transport association Verkehrs-Gemeinschaft Landkreis Freudenstadt VGS. However, the Royal Württemberg State Railways did not pursue a more direct connection between Horb and Stuttgart, primarily due to engineering issues to do with the grade between the two points. In , the DB AG changed the train configuration on the route Stuttgart-Singen from the locomotive-powered trains with Silberling coaches to the new DBAG Class electrical multiple unit trains, which were occasionally replaced by locomotive-powered trains of the class , with double-decker coaches, starting in The municipalities on the Gäubahn, collectively associated in the Interessenverband Gäu-Neckar-Bodensee-Bahn , declared their willingness in March to provide financing of , Euros in advance for the planning phase of this expansion to twin tracks.
The Gäubahn is again becoming a significant railway in terms of international freight traffic, particularly as an alternative to the heavily traveled Rhine Valley Railway , primarily as a transit route. Around the turn of the century, the Royal Württemberg State Railways mostly used the steam locomotives of the class Württemberg AD for their express service, which were in turn replaced by the class Württemberg C during World War I. The treaty between Prussia and Württemberg of March solved the issues around the extension of construction through Prussian territory. The route then descends into the Neckar valley and brushes up against some of the easternmost parts of the Black Forest , until it leaves the Neckar valley near Rottweil , and follows the Prim valley. The service to and from Berlin, for which the line had been expanded in the time between the wars, was not resumed by the Deutsche Bundesbahn , and the traffic corridor Berlin—Erfurt—Würzburg—Stuttgart—Zürich had lost its significance due to the separation of East Germany and West Germany.
These trains primarily saw the use of the Prussian P 10 and the Prussian P 8. The border between the American and French zones was responsible for the lack of through-traffic between Stuttgart and Singen, which did not resume until Black Forest Railway to Offenburg.
This expansion is part of both the federal traffic plan Bundesverkehrswegeplan as well as the general traffic plan Generalverkehrsplan of the state of Baden-Württemberg. Stuttgart Österfeld S-Bahn stop only. Today there are different plans in existence, which would expand the section between Horb and Hattingen at least partially. The line crosses six districts of the state of Baden-Württemberg, plus the district of Stuttgart , and is part of 5 public transport associations. However, by the end of the 19th century trip times were becoming quite a bit shorter, to the point where the trip between Tuttlingen and Stuttgart had been cut down to only 3 hours in , 4 to 5 hours less than in the s.
Connections to Immendingen were initially only possible via Rottweil or Tuttlingen. Rankbach Railway from Renningen S The full length of the Gäubahn traversed the territory of all three of the states in the German southwest in the late 19th century. The Prussian P 8 had already been used since between Horb and Immendingen. Heuberg Railway to Reichenbach.
Initially, the freight was largely made up of agricultural goods from the rich agrarian area of the Gäu, but soon industrial areas sprang up alongside the railway, which then used the Gäubahn to transport their goods. Margrethen in Switzerland, and go around Stuttgart Hbf. On 20 August , after a trial run from Stuttgart to Freudenstadt, the Royal Württemberg State Railways officially opened this section on 2 September , in the presence of chief engineer Georg Morlok, the president of Württemberg Hermann von Mittnacht, the mayor of Stuttgart Gottlob Friedrich von Hack, and many other dignitaries. Even more significant was the damage caused by German troops in April , when several bridges were blown up between Stuttgart and Böblingen, stopping train traffic altogether shortly before the end of the war. Today there are different plans in existence, which would expand the section between Horb and Hattingen at least partially.
- Between Eutingen and the industrial station at Neckarhausen, the route traverses the district of Freudenstadt , and its transport association Verkehrs-Gemeinschaft Landkreis Freudenstadt VGS. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Ever since, the Gäubahn is twin-tracked only between Stuttgart and Horb, as well as between Hattingen and Singen.
- The line crosses six districts of the state of Baden-Württemberg, plus the district of Stuttgart , and is part of 5 public transport associations. With the completion of the single-track connection to Hattingen and the now twin-track Black Forest Railway Baden , an efficient railway between Stuttgart and Singen had been created. In , the name started to be used in yet another form:
Much of the labor recruited by Morlok came from Italy. On the 23 and 24 October , the Free People's State of Württemberg and the Reichsbahn signed a contract, which set out the terms of the expansion of the Gäubahn. This expansion would reduce the trip time by 9 minutes, and would result in the synchronization of the ICE connections to Berlin and Dortmund. Traveling from Aldingen to Tuttlingen , the line then makes its way through the district of Tuttlingen , and its transport association Verkehrsverbund Tuttlingen TUTicket to Hattigen.
Compared to the heyday of the Gäubahn at the end of the s, the service schedule was severely reduced, and did not reach the same level as before the war until the end of the s. On 15 May the Reichsbahn opened the 8. For the first time, trains of the type DB AG Class with tilting technology were used on the line, and these trains, together with the Cisalpino, made up the bulk of long-distance trains. The railway engineer Robert Gerwig , who hailed from Baden, was in the planning stages of a railway, which would cross the Black Forest from Offenburg to Singen, and which would become the Schwarzwaldbahn Baden. In Württemberg, the Royal Württemberg State Railways had started in the late s to build a line that paralleled the Neckar river, and connected with the Fils Valley Railway in Plochingen. In addition, the Reichswehr had an interest in a high-capacity rail connection between Berlin and the southwestern border, which, particularly after the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France in , was not as close to the French border as the Rhine Valley Railway from Mannheim to Basel , and would not be as easy to disrupt in the event of war.
On the section Rottweil-Tuttlingen, the Ringzug of the Hohenzollerische Landesbahn provides local service. In the Federal Transport Ministry published a comparative study, where benefits of the electrification of the Southern Railway , the electrification of the Allgäu Railway Bavaria , and the expansion of the Gäubahn were studied. The state therefore constructed not only the Rottweil—Villingen line , but also a line from Rottweil via Spaichingen to Tuttlingen, which opened on 15 July Notwithstanding the sizable reductions in trip times in the last decades, the Gäubahn is still a comparatively slow line, largely due to the single-track section between Horb and Hattingen.